Macular Holes

What is Macular Holes?

The macula is a small area in the center of the retina where light is sharply focused to produce the detailed color vision needed for tasks such as reading and driving. When a full-thickness defect develops in the macula, the condition is referred to as macular hole.

Macular Hole


It commonly affects people over the age of 55 and most often occurs in women. The vast majority of cases develop spontaneously without an obvious cause. For this reason, there is currently no effective way to prevent their formation and development. 


The most common symptom of macular hole is a gradual decline in the central (straight-ahead) vision of the affected eye. This can occur as:
• Blurring
• Distortion (straight lines appearing wavy)
• A dark spot in the central vision.