What is a Macular Hole?


A macular hole is a small break in the macula, the part of the eye responsible for producing central vision. It occurs when tiny proteins located in the macula become misshapen and stick together, causing a tear or separation in the retina – this is what is known as a macular hole.

Causes of Macular Hole

Age-related changes in the vitreous usually cause macular holes. Macular holes can be caused by a gel-like material that builds up in the interspace between your lens and retina. As we age, it can shrink and pull away from the surface of your eye, creating traction on your retina. This can cause damage to your macula, resulting in a hole.

Symptoms of Macular Hole

The most common symptoms of a macular hole include blurred vision or distorted images and difficulty reading or seeing clearly at night. You may also notice straight lines appearing bent or wavy and reduced color saturation in parts of your vision. If you experience these symptoms, immediately seek medical attention to avoid further eye damage.

Treatment and Prognosis of Macular Hole

Macular holes are treatable but require prompt medical attention for the best chance of recovery. Treatment typically involves vitrectomy surgery, which helps reduce traction on your retina by removing some tissues behind it and filling them with a gas bubble or saline solution.

Patients often experience improved vision after treatment, though complete reversal may not always be possible. When left untreated, macular holes can cause devastating vision loss. Therefore, taking any warning signs seriously and seeking treatment as soon as possible is essential.

Regular eye exams are vital for those with macular holes to monitor the condition and catch any changes early on. With prompt medical attention and treatment, retina specialists can manage most cases successfully without long-term vision loss.

If you have questions about macular holes or other eye conditions, Dr. Ankit Desai with Windy City Retina can provide personalized care. Contact us at 815-714-9115 or book an appointment online at www.windycityretina.com.

Windy City Retina – Ankit Desai, MD

15905 S Frederick St
Suite 105
Plainfield, IL 60586